The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

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emrr
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by emrr » Mon Jul 26, 2021 3:26 pm

This is a very interesting tool that I lack a use for. It's still great to think through the unintended results of straight mono summing versus this. I recently mixed a stereo webcast that was encoded in a camera for transmission, and the mono switch was accidentally deployed by the video tech; had this been built in, it would have saved the spaced pair piano.
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Fri Jul 30, 2021 10:47 am

This is my interpretation of the Studer 90 Degree Dome Filter.

Thanks Doug for the post and pointing this out to me back in 2018.

Image
"Recorrelator" Stereo to Mono Quadrature Summing Filter Based On The Work of Robert B. Dome and the Studer 90 Degree Filter Updated Weaver Alignment

I scaled the RC values for the first three sections to lower the resistance values.
Studer used a TL072 in the first stage - I decided I wanted the option of using bipolar op amps.

I call the 90 degree differential outputs "I" and "Q".
The mono sum is either L+R or I+Q.

I think I would control the relays with a rotary switch and make the positions as follows:

Stereo (bypass)
Mono I+Q
Mono L+R
Spatial IQ (pseudo-stereo)

The last position is to synthesize wide-field pseudo-stereo for making a mono keyboard present in stereo but still fold down to mono downstream.
J1 is either put in the A position for stereo in or B to feed the Left input to both channels.
An alternative to using the jumper would be to use TRS inputs and normal the tip and ring of the Left input to the Right Input TRS connector.
For mono in/pseudo stereo out only the left input would be patched.
Inserting an input to the right would then redirect the Q channel filter to the right input.
I don't see pseudo-stereo being used much.

The most-useful application IMHO is to make stereo synths mono-compatible.

In a day or so I'll post some mono conversion of stereo material that just sounds better than L+R mono.
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by FrankLacy » Sat Jul 31, 2021 7:18 pm

I tried to match the Studer component values using the equations from Weaver.
studer90m.JPG
Six of the eight resistors came close, but two were off by more than 10% ?

Calculated phase difference from the Studer schematic
studer90a.JPG
Calculated phase difference from the Weaver values
studer90t.JPG

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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Sat Jul 31, 2021 9:22 pm

Thanks for doing the calculations.
What would be the Weaver values scaled similarly to my implementation?

It looks like the GroupDIY simulation of the amplitude response shows the same anomaly around 5 kHz as your Studer calculations.

I need to do a phase response plot.
I've never used that tool in AudioTester before.

I checked with fellow forum member "crin" who I consider to be a source material expert on European broadcast.
Apparently 90 degree filters are quite common in AM air chains.
Crin sent me pics of a LAWO 90 degree filter and I saw a number of LAWO W986 on ebay.
Some were 8 pole per channel others 4 pole.
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by FrankLacy » Sat Jul 31, 2021 10:02 pm

Using single E96 resistors per stage, the differences would be:

stage 2: 220N 12K7
stage 5: 10N 14K0
stage 6: 10N 5K36
stage 7: 1N 19K1

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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Mon Aug 02, 2021 11:48 am

Frank - Thanks for the values!
I'll try to run a phase plot on the original and modified values this afternoon.
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Mon Aug 02, 2021 12:29 pm

Here's what the Studer 90 degree filter's phase response looks like using E96 roundings to Studer's original values.

Edit: This turns out to be "Wayne's Accidental Alignment" because I hadn't updated the protoboard to the exact values.

Image
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Mon Aug 02, 2021 2:58 pm

The Studer 90 degree filter's phase response using the improved "Weaver" alignment.

Image
Studer 90 Degree Filter Phase Response Improved Weaver Alignment

The Weaver alignment looks ideal.

I need to redo the Studer response because I forgot to substitute the exact values I had just received from Digi-Key.
I think the values I used are, by accident, a little better than the Studer.

Updated Schematic

Image
Recorrelator Stereo To Mono Quadrature Summing Filter With Improved Weaver Alignment

Thanks for running the sims Frank!
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Mon Aug 02, 2021 3:24 pm

This is the actual Studer 90 degree filter alignement.

It looks like Wayne's accidental alignment is better than the Studer's.
Clearly the Weaver is optimum.

Image
Corrected Studer 90 Degree Filter Phase Response
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Re: The Studer "90° Filter" Stereo to Mono Summer/Recorrelator

Post by mediatechnology » Tue Aug 03, 2021 5:38 am

The summed frequency response is much better using the Weaver alignments.

The blue trace is the in-polarity response; the green trace is out-of-polarity response.

Image

As can be seen "out-of-phase" inputs sum in at the same level as "in-phase" inputs owing to the near-constant 90° phase shift between channels.
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